Even though it may be a unique year due to COVID-19, this doesn’t mean that flu season has gone away. In fact, it seems that there is added pressure to avoid the flu this year due to its similarity to COVID-19. It is more important than ever to be able to be proactive about your family’s health, and if you do get sick, to be able to judge what type of illness you or your loved one is likely experiencing. This can really help you work with your doctor to know what your treatment and therapy options are, and even determine what home remedies can help ease any symptoms your family may be experiencing.
Is it COVID-19 or the Flu?
Both COVID-19 and the flu share the following symptoms (1, 2):
Fever and/or chills
Shortness of breath and/or difficulty breathing
Runny or stuffy nose
Muscle pain and/or body aches
Nausea or vomiting (more common in children)
Diarrhea (more common in children)
Though COVID-19 and the flu do have a lot in common, there are some key differences. While nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can be a part of the flu, they are rather uncommon and are more closely associated with COVID-19 (1, 2). And while a stuffy or runny nose can occur due to COVID-19, it is more often linked to the flu (1, 2). Additionally, any loss of taste or smell is very uncommonly caused by the flu and can point to the illness being COVID-19 (1, 2). In terms of when symptoms begin to show up, most people who are infected with the flu develop symptoms after 1-4 days, whereas COVID-19 can take much longer (1). COVID-19 symptoms usually show up about 5 days after first being infected, though the range can be anywhere from 2-14 days (1, 2). Even equipped with this knowledge, it is always worth getting the advice of a health professional if you, your child, or someone else in your household is ill.
Conventional Treatment Options for the Flu
Just as there are antibacterial medicines for bacterial infections, there are antiviral drugs that can treat the flu virus (3). Because most people can get over the flu relatively quickly and without long-term damage, antiviral medicines are usually reserved for those with specific health concerns or who have become very ill. This higher-risk population includes those who are pregnant, under 5, over 65, have chronic conditions such as asthma, heart disease, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease, or are ill with AIDS or cancer (4). Beyond that, common advice from sources like the CDC and Mayo Clinic include staying home, resting, drinking plenty of water and clear fluids, taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce fever, and avoiding close contact with others inside and outside of your home (4, 5, 6). It is recommended that anyone experiencing warning sign symptoms such as severe trouble breathing, bluish lips or face, severe muscle pain, fever over 104 degrees, or dehydration should seek medical care right away (5).
Functional Treatment for the Flu
While functional medicine can also recommend the above treatments (especially increasing fluid intake and good rest), there are also a few other areas of focus when it comes to navigating flu season. A huge part of general wellness, and the ability to fight and recover from illness quickly, is focusing on the